12 Wheel Brake Van No. 276

South Australian Railways

Broad Gauge


Class operators                                                   South Australian Railways

Condition                                                             Excellent

Entered service                                                   23.12.1912

Entered the museum                                           21.1.1966

Length (over coupling points)                             62’ 10’’ (19.15 metres)

Number in class                                                  12

Ownership                                                          History Trust of South Australia

Provenance                                                        South Australian Railways

Withdrawn                                                          29.11.1965


Until the 1960s the standard brake van on both passenger and goods trains consisted of the familiar flat-roofed van with a raised cupola in the centre, which enabled the Guard to see over the top of the train. The earliest passenger vans were short vehicles of less than forty feet, but in 1910 construction began on what was to be a class of long vans on two six-wheel bogies. These eleven ‘twelve-wheel brake vans’ were to become the standard main line passenger vans.

They became well known on the main lines to Terowie, Port Pirie, Barmera, Serviceton, Pinnaroo and Mount Gambier, and during the Second World War even saw some service on Second Division Overland trains to Melbourne.

Early on in their lives the vans were fitted with side lights for platform illumination at wayside halts. Originally fitted with standard tail discs for day use and electric corner markers, the vans were refitted in the 1920s with kerosene marker lamps. In the late 1930s the vans had their hook couplers and side buffers replaced with automatic couplers, and a few years later their ends were again changed when substantial anti-collision beams were installed together with sliding doors.

The vans were originally painted maroon, but in 1936 van 276 was painted hawthorn green to match the Centenary Train, and the other vans were all to follow suit. All remained green for the rest of their lives, except for 307, which was painted regal red in November 1964 to match the new AD and BD cars just issued for use on the Port Pirie line.

The 11 vans were numbered 275 to 277 and 305 to 312, all built between 1910 and 1913. A twelfth van, 487, was built in December 1922 as a replacement for a condemned van. The first of the class to be scrapped was 305, which was damaged in a rear end collision at Port Pirie in March 1960. The rest of the class were all superseded by the new CD class in the mid-1960s, and were condemned by late 1966.

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Port Adelaide
South Australia  5015
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The National Railway Museum acknowledges the Kaurna people as the traditional owners and custodians of the Adelaide Plains. We honour and respect their ongoing cultural and spiritual connections to this country. We aim to respect the cultural heritage, customs and beliefs of all Indigenous people.

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